Critical Thinking Toolkit: Straw Man Fallacy

Imagine the following scenario. A man walks up to an 80 year old with walking on his cane in the street, knocks him out with a single punch, then claims to be the best boxer who has ever lived. Sound silly? It should. This is an embodiment of what is known as the straw manContinue reading “Critical Thinking Toolkit: Straw Man Fallacy”

Critical Thinking Toolkit: The Correlation-Causation Fallacy

Here, I’d like to discuss two interconnected tendencies we human beings have. We like looking for patterns, and we like explaining things. These are both incredibly important features of the way we think as humans. But they are not identical. It is easy to get them confused, and we often do get them confused. ThisContinue reading “Critical Thinking Toolkit: The Correlation-Causation Fallacy”

Critical Thinking Toolkit: The Ad Hominem Fallacy

This one really should go without saying… and yet we need to say it anyways. So often, public discourse gets bogged down in personal insults of one variety or another. Whether attacks on a person’s morality, integrity, honesty, educational background, or any other aspect of life, our culture – especially the so-called “cancel culture” –Continue reading “Critical Thinking Toolkit: The Ad Hominem Fallacy”

Critical Thinking Toolkit: The Fallacy of Arguing from Ignorance

When debating important topics, whether with your friends, online with strangers, or in a public debate with spectators, there is always a high emphasis placed on proving your case. People ask why you believe what you do, ask you to show your evidence, ask you to give them your arguments. There is nothing wrong withContinue reading “Critical Thinking Toolkit: The Fallacy of Arguing from Ignorance”

Critical Thinking Toolkit: False Dilemma

Choices are important. Every day, we make lots of decisions about what to do and what to say. When decisions are especially important is when two possible paths we might take are totally opposite another or grind against one another. There is a certain tension that arises in decisions that carry a great deal ofContinue reading “Critical Thinking Toolkit: False Dilemma”

Critical Thinking Toolkit: The Fallacy of Equivocation

This is one of many brief articles I am writing about how to avoid fallacious patterns of thinking. Here, we briefly discuss the fallacy of equivocation. Before I try to define it, it will be helpful to see an example of the fallacy in action. (I take this example out of the Wikipedia page forContinue reading “Critical Thinking Toolkit: The Fallacy of Equivocation”